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Monroe v. Town of Gray
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MAINE SUPREME JUDICIAL COURT					Reporter of Decisions
Decision:1999 ME 190
on Briefs:November 30, 1999
Decided:	December 17, 1999




	[¶1]  Frances Monroe appeals from a judgment of the Superior Court
(Cumberland County, Cole, J.) denying her Rule 80B appeal and declaring
that the Gray Town Council had authority to sanction town councilors. 
Because we determine that the action is moot, we dismiss the appeal.
	[¶2]  The relevant facts may be summarized as follows:  The Gray Town
Council reprimanded Frances Monroe, one of its town councilors, for
violating the terms of the Town Charter.  The reprimand instructed her to
deal with administrative staff exclusively through the Town Manager; to
cease and desist from attempting to control or direct the work of the town
staff directly; and to cease and desist from entering into town staff, non-
public work places.
	[¶3]  On April 16, 1998, Monroe filed a complaint in the Superior
Court seeking judicial review of the Town Council's action pursuant to Rule
80B and a declaratory judgment that the Town did not have authority to
impose sanctions on a councilor.   On March 17, 1999, the court entered
judgment denying the 80B appeal and declaring that the Town Council had
authority to impose sanctions on a councilor. Monroe filed a timely notice of
appeal on April 14, 1999.  Monroe did not seek re-election to the Town
Council and her term expired on June 15, 1999. 
	[¶4]  We review cases that present a justiciable controversy. See
Lewiston Daily Sun v. School Admin. Dist. No. 43, 1999 ME 143 ¶ 12, 738
A.2d 1239, 1242.  Moot issues are not justiciable.  See id. ¶ 13.  We review
mootness by examining the record to determine "'whether there remain
sufficient practical effects flowing from the resolution of [the] litigation to
justify the application of limited judicial resources.'" Id. ¶ 14 (citations
omitted).  Monroe is no longer a member of the Town Council.  Even if we 
determined that the Council lacked authority to reprimand her or otherwise
erred in reprimanding her, its decision no longer has any practical effect. 
Therefore, the issue is moot. See Graffam v. Wray, 437 A.2d 627, 631 (Me.
1981) (holding as moot an appeal of a permanent injunction enjoining the
church treasurer from withdrawing church funds because no controversy
remained, as he was no longer the church treasurer at the time of the
	[¶5]  Even when a case is technically moot, however, we will reach the
merits if any of the following three recognized exceptions exist:
(1) sufficient collateral consequences will result from the
determination of the questions presented so as to justify relief; (2) the
appeal contains questions of great public concern that, in the interest
of providing future guidance to the bar and the public, [the Court] may
address; or (3) the issues are capable of repetition but evade review
because of their fleeting or determinate nature.
Halfway House, Inc. v. City of Portland, 670 A.2d 1377, 1380 (Me. 1996)
(citations omitted).
	[¶6] Monroe has failed to demonstrate sufficient collateral
consequences, that is, that the decision will have "more than 'conjectural
and insubstantial consequences'" in the future. See Sordyl v. Sordyl, 1997
ME 87, ¶ 6, 692 A.2d 1386, 1387 (citation omitted). Nor has she
demonstrated a question of great public concern. See King Resources Co. v.
Environmental Improvement Comm'n, 270 A.2d 863, 870 (Me. 1970).  She
has also failed to demonstrate that there is a "reasonable likelihood that the
same issues will imminently and repeatedly recur in future similar contexts
with serious impact upon important generalized public interests." Maine
Civil Liberties Union v. City of South Portland, 1999 ME 121, ¶ 10, 734 A.2d
191, 195 (citation omitted). No reasonable likelihood exists that the same
controversy will recur between her and the Town, that is, she will again be a
town councilor and that she will again be reprimanded by the council near
the end of a three-year term so that she has insufficient time to appeal
before her term expires.  This appeal is moot.
	The entry is:
					Appeal dismissed.

For plaintiff: Frances Monroe P O Box 117 Gray, ME 04039 Attorneys for defendant: Natalie L. Burns, Esq. William H. Dale, Esq. Jensen Baird Garner & Henry P O Box 4510 Portland, ME 04112