Definition of Terms
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- Appellate Court:
- A court which reviews trial court cases on questions of law.
- To ask that a member of the jury panel be excused.
- Challenge For Cause:
- To ask that a member of the jury panel be excused, because there appears
to be a reason why he or she might not be impartial as a juror.
- Civil Action:
- A civil court proceeding filed by one party against another.
- A written charge against a person in a criminal action. A written statement
of the plaintiff’s claim in a civil action.
- Cross Examination:
- The questioning of a witness by the side that did not call the witness.
- The discussion by the jury through which the verdict in a case is reached.
This discussion is private; only members of the jury are allowed to participate
or to be present.
- Grand Jury:
- A jury that reviews evidence submitted by the prosecutor and determines
whether a person should be charged with a crime. Impaneled: A jury which
has been chosen and sworn in a particular case.
- The formal charge by a grand jury against an individual or organization.
- The formal charge filed by a prosecuting attorney when a defendant has
waived the right to have the defendant’s case submitted to the grand
- Peremptory Challenge:
- A lawyer’s request that a juror be excused from a case without giving
a reason why the juror should be excused. This type of challenge results
in automatic removal. The number of challenges depends on the type of
- When a case is given to the jury for deliberation.
- Trial Court:
- A court which is established to resolve disputes between parties by analysis
of the evidence presented.
- Voir Dire:
- The French word “Voir” means to inspect; “dire” means to talk or speak.
It is an examination of jurors to determine whether there are any reasons
why they should not be sworn.
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